Category: Ww1 uniforms

Ww1 uniforms

According to the British official historian Brigadier James E. Edmonds recorded in" The British Army ofwas the best trained best equipped and best organized British Army ever sent to war".

As part of a series of reforms following the Second Boer Wara darker khaki serge was adopted infor service dress in Britain itself. On the whole, the British military authorities showed more foresight than their French counterparts, who retained highly visible blue coats and red trousers for active service until several months into World War I.

The soldier was issued with the Pattern Webbing for carrying personal equipment and he was armed with the Short Magazine Lee—Enfield rifle. The British soldier went to war in August wearing the Pattern Service Dress tunic and trousers. This was a thick woollen tunic, dyed khaki. There were two breast pockets for personal items and the soldier's AB64 Pay Book, two smaller pockets for other items, and an internal pocket sewn under the right flap of the lower tunic where the First Field Dressing was kept.

Rifle patches were sewn just above the breast pockets, to prevent wear from the webbing equipment and Enfield rifle. Shoulder straps were sewn on and fastened with brass buttons, with enough space for a brass regimental shoulder title. Rank insignia was sewn onto the upper tunic sleeves, while trade badges and Long Service and Good Conduct stripes were placed on the lower sleeves.

A stiffened peak cap was worn, made of the same material, with a leather strap, brass fitting and secured with two small brass buttons. Puttees were worn round the ankles and calves, and ammunition boots with hobnail soles on the feet. There were also lightweight uniforms for wear in warmer climates e. India known as Khaki drill. The Officers' uniform was little different in cut, but the Other Ranks ' tunic was distinguished from the temperate service dress by having only the breast pockets.

Both were made from a lighter cloth both in weight, and in shade. Scottish Highland pattern uniform differed in the design of the tunic and jacket to make them resemble traditional Highland ones—notably in cutting away the kilts at the front of the tunic to allow the wearing of a sporran. The British were the first European army to replace leather belts and pouches with webbinga strong material made from woven cotton, which had been pioneered in the United States by the Mills Equipment Company.

ww1 uniforms

A mess tin was worn attached to one of the packs, and was contained inside a cloth buff-coloured khaki cover. Inside the haversack were personal items, knife and when on Active Service, unused portions of the daily ration.

The large pack could sometimes be used to house some of these items, but was normally kept for carrying the soldier's Greatcoat and or a blanket. The British personal equipment used in the Second Boer War had been found to be deficient for a number of reasons and the Bandolier Equipment was introduced as a stop-gap replacement.

The equipment was made of brown leather and consisted of five round ammunition pouches worn over one shoulder on a bandolierwith an associated waist belt and pouches, and a haversack and water bottle. It soon proved to be unsuitable for infantry use, but was used throughout the First World War by cavalry and other mounted troops.

On the outbreak of war, it became clear that the Mills Equipment Company would be quite unable to keep up with the sudden demand for webbing. Therefore, a version of the equipment was designed to be made in leather, as both Britain and the USA had large leather working industries with excess capacity. The leather was coloured with either a brown or khaki finish, and the packs and haversacks were made from canvas.

It was originally intended that the leather equipment would be used by units in training or on home service, and that it would be exchanged for webbing before going on active service.

However, in practice, reinforcement drafts and sometimes whole battalions would arrive at the front line still with their leather equipment. The Pith helmet is a lightweight helmet made of cork or pith, with a cloth cover, designed to shade the wearer's head from the sun.

It also had a wide pocket on the outer helmet. The first delivery of a protective steel helmet the Brodie helmet to the British Army was in Initially there were far from enough helmets to equip every man, so they were designated as "trench stores", to be kept in the front line and used by each unit that occupied the sector. It was not until the summer ofwhen the first 1 million helmets had been produced, that they could be generally issued. The helmet reduced casualties but was criticized by General Herbert Plumer on the grounds that it was too shallow, too reflective, its rim was too sharp, and its lining was too slippery.

These criticisms were addressed in the Mark I model helmet of which had a separate folded rim, a two-part liner, and matte khaki paint finished with sand, sawdust, or crushed cork to give a dull, non-reflective appearance.

ww1 uniforms

The first use of poison gas on the Western Front was on 22 Aprilby the Germans at Ypresagainst Canadian and French colonial troops. The initial response was to equip troops with cotton mouth pads for protection.

Soon afterwards the British introduced the Black Veil Respiratorwhich consisted of a long cloth which was used to tie chemical-soaked mouth pads into place.Avdeev, Field Marshal Saltykov loses his dog, Yegorov, Tseikhgauz 14, Attestations of service, Lt.

Charles Gascoigne, d. Letter of M. Kutuzov to N. Repnin, Battle of Tulcha, Shishov, Neizvestnyi Kutuzov, Storming of Praga Warsaw suburb 4 November Golyzhenkov. Viskovatov Vol. On being drafted twice; the case of Ankudinov and the Swedish war Paul I, Sanktpetrburgskiya vedomosti. Organization of the Russian Army Viskovatov Vol. Walachian Colonel Minotts, the volunteer unit of Pandurs, and petitions for promotion, S-Peterburgskii Vedomosti. Prince Sevarsemidze on the Tiflis musketeers who saved his life at Erivan, Russkii Invalid, War Against Austria or was it against the Duchy of Warsaw?

The case of Lt. Gorchakov's overly enthusiastic correspondence with the Austrians Sokolovskii, Russkaya Starina Cossacks and other irregular cavalry, Dr.

Crimean Tatar patriotism in and Tavricheskiya Gubernskiya Vedomosti, Sakovich and Jewish spies on the Polish-Russian border, Petition of persons under arrest to be allowed to join the army, from Russkaya Starina. Three reports from Lt. Wittgenstein and Uvarov, June Gross-Eckau, July Church records.

Russkaya Starina A report by A. Shcherbatov on the operations of the 6th Infantry Corps at Dresden, The United States military establishment had a history of understanding the relationship between standardized uniforms with unit discipline and group esprit de corps. However, it was not until the dawn of the 20th century that the army began to focus upon the relationship of uniforms with efficiency, comfort and reliability.

In the earliest efforts to match uniforms with climate conditions and modern technologies, the army introduced khaki in the Cuban invasion of Spanish American War. Double stitching increased longevity, and removable buttons made laundering more practical and efficient. The Cuban war utilized smokeless powder in their hand weapons instead of the black smoke with the latter's obvious affect on lighter colored clothing. Time to change either the uniform or the black smoke.

The latter was the obvious choice for reasons other than the uniform. Uniform camouflage would become a battlefield tactic. World War 1 Uniforms. Khaki became one of the army's staple colors along with olive drab. The jerkin pictured above was probably worn by a volunteer infantryman. The regular army did not provide branch colors over the pockets. However, the style was identical.

Blue was eliminated for the dress uniform. Replacement with khaki cotton or olive drab wool. Leather, where employed, was changed from black to russet. New insignia was introduced. Sleeve chevrons were smaller. Gilt was used for dress buttons, and bronze for the field displaying the eagle.

Some of these changes were delayed by some quartermaster depots to enable utilization of existing, old stock for the artillery and engineer corps. However, these basic reforms were in place on April 6,when the United States entered the war. The color of piping trim readily identified the branch of service. Services that had existed almost years had a lock on their traditional colors.

The U. Much of the clothing manufactured for American soldiers was completed in Englandand even in France. Both the tunic and overcoat were similar for officers and enlisted men.Showing 1—48 of results Filter.

10 things you (probably) didn’t know about First World War uniforms

Select options. Wishlist Wishlist Wishlist. Quick view. Add to cart. WW1 British Army trench cap was issued to Tommy soldiers from to soldiers serving in the trenches as it was more practical to wear and carry in their pocket when wearing a brodie helmet as the stiff SD cap proved. Categories: US. Beautiful reproduction of this very hard to find holster.

British Army uniform and equipment in World War I

It will fit your Roth-Steyr perfectly as you can see in the picture. Marked W-N for Wien Vienna production in SIZE 3X5. SIZE 2X3. A canvas covered rubber hose attached the mask to the canister.

The mask was made of. The mask was made of thinly rubberised canvas. The whole. These are quality reproductions of the Brodie Helmet Carrier of the British Army, made from a quality brown leather.


These were primarily private purchases by Officers or NCOs of the British Army, rather than as standard issued equipment. They would normally have been. The wood holster has a satin. Used to cover the Red cap band on the M field cap. Has sliding buckle to fasten to cap and button hole for affixing to cockade.

All metal is deeply blued and wood grips have a rubbed oil appearance. This insignia is a perfect replica down to the brass screw back.The British wore khaki uniforms throughout World War One. The tunic had large breast pockets as well as two side pockets for storage. Rank was indicated by badges on the upper arm. The majority of the men pictured were killed in action, with most of the others severely wounded.

Variations on the standard uniform were issued depending on the nationality and role of the soldier. In warmer climates, soldiers wore similar uniforms though in a lighter colour and made from thinner fabric with few pockets. Watch Now.

The Scottish uniform featured a shorter tunic which did not hang below the waist, enabling the wearing of a kilt and sporran. Consisting of bright blue tunics and striking red trousers, some warned of terrible consequences if French forces were to continue wearing these uniforms on the battlefield. A group of French infantrymen are seen in front of the entrance to a shelter in a front line trench.

A uniform in a drab blue known as horizon blue had already been approved in Junebut was only issued in China started out as a neutral country during the First World War.

But by earlyone thousand Chinese men were on their way to the Western Front. Tens of thousands more would follow, to provide logistical support to the Allies. They constituted one of the largest labour corps of the war. Russians typically wore a brownish khaki uniform, though it could vary depending on where the soldiers were from, where they were serving or even on the materials that were available. Russian generals in World War One. Belyaev and Evgeny Miller. Cossacks in particular continued their tradition of having a uniform distinct from the majority of the Russian army, wearing traditional Astrakhan hats and long coats.

At the outbreak of war, Germany was undergoing a thorough review of its army uniforms — something that continued throughout the conflict.

Mark Conrad’s Home Page - Russian Military History

Previously, each German state had maintained its own uniform, leading to a confusing array of colours, styles and badges. That provided some regularity although the traditional regional uniforms were still worn on ceremonial occasions.Email — sanjaysuri gmail. Our ww1 world war 1, wwi US army doughboy equipment is simply unbeatable for its quality replication and we have the best prices in the world!

This means that reenactors from the same unit will always get the same shade of wool for a long long time. Each article is offered individually but the more you purchase the more economical your order is. Please see below. No synthetic threads or fabrics are used anywhere on this coat or tunic. They have a button fly and laced lower legs with a back adjusting tab.

The breeches are not widely flared but are semi-breeches with proper style lacing eyelets and reinforced crotch seams. No synthetic thread or fabrics are used anywhere on these breeches. The wool is a little coarser and the color is more towards the olive drab shade. It has a standing collar and comes without the national seal subdued rim eagle buttons.

It is double stitched to stand the rigours of renaction in the same color thread as the AEF tunic wool. No synthetic threads are used any where on this coat or tunic.

There are 4 patch pockets with flaps and two non-tapered shoulder tabs. It has two front slit pockets and an adjustment strap in the back along with belt loops and a button fly. The breeches are not widely flared and are semi-breeches with a tapered laced leg and reinforced inner thighs — the reinforcing fabric is the same fabric as the AEF breeches.

The coat or tunic has an inside breast slit pocket and is lined in Khaki cotton drill liner. There are two non-tapered shoulder tabs and the back of the coat is double stitched. The legs are straight and not tapered and the trousers come with button fly and belt loops. No reinforcement and no laces are provided.

No synthetic thread or fabric is used in their construction.The camouflage uniform donned by soldiers during the First World War is, to many, instantly recognisable, but how much do you really know about the garments?

The use of khaki for military camouflage is thought to have begun with Harry Lumsden, who raised the Corps of Guides ina regiment of the British Indian Army. He bought up white cotton cloth at the bazaar at Lahore, which was then taken down to the riverbank, where his troops soaked the cloth in water and rubbed mud into it.

Before the war, Germany was the centre of the synthetic dyestuffs industry. Byit was exporting more than 20 times the volume of dyes coming out of Britain. During the First World War the only khaki dye available for British Army uniforms was manufactured in Germany, which, at first, it secretly imported. The War Office had failed to obtain enough khaki uniforms in the opening weeks of the war, and early recruits were forced to wear replacement uniforms. They were obtained from a range of unlikely sources:suits of blue serge uniforms from Post Office stocks, and approximatelygreatcoats purchased from the clothing trade.

The War Office also ordered a huge volume of jackets, trousers and greatcoats from Canada and the United States. Some soldiers were issued with old full-dress parade tunics — scarlet with colourful facings and blue trousers from various reserve stores.

Most were, in fact, made by various civilian tailoring firms. War Office plans for dealing with an outbreak of war were insufficient for the scale of this conflict. In Augustreserves were capable of supplying no more than the original expeditionary force and first-line units of the Territorial Force for a few weeks. Clothing an expanding volunteer army overwhelmed the official army factories.

ww1 uniforms

It seems that war was good for business. Civilians were busily knitting garments for British soldiers during the First World War. But what started as a response to small gaps in uniform supply became a mass knitting frenzy, which made the government very nervous about the colourful, quirky garments reaching soldiers at the front.

Hence knitting patterns were issued, warning women — thought to be the typical knitters — to narrow the range of garments, and to use only khaki wools. But the success of the knitting projects often highlighted army failures. The First World War was a step into the unknown — much of the war effort had to be improvised.

When the efforts of volunteer knitters threatened to expose official shortcomings, the state intervened; one such gesture was the issue of the official Kitchener stitch, which improved the comfort of knitted socks for men in the trenches!

By Novemberone third of the British Army on the western front came from India and fought with the Indian Expeditionary Force serving from September to December An official photograph taken in France depicts Indian troops marching along the road while young women rush up to pin flowers on them as they pass.

They wear turbans and have long tunics —resembling the Indian Kurta — falling to their knees. For Sikh soldiers, these distinctive features described their colonial status, but it also became part of war propaganda.

Photographs were a bit more realistic; one from July shows Indian cyclists — despatch riders — at the crossroads on Fricourt-Mametz Road wearing khaki service dress with traditional Sikh turbans.

Unfortunately, rather than reflect a proud military tradition, their distinctive clothing often symbolised their lowly rank on the western front.

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